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What's new in Child Protection?

Child Abuse inquiry: Scotland

Child Abuse Inquiry: Scotland

The Scottish Child Abuse Inquiry has announced that hearings to investigate residential care establishments run by male religious orders will start in the summer of 2019.

Source: Scottish child abuse inquiry  Date: 05 September 2018

Domestic Abuse Interventions: Scotland - Consultation

Domestic Abuse Interventions: Scotland -  Consultation

The Scottish Government is consulting on how to improve multi-agency risk assessment and intervention for victims of domestic abuse in Scotland, particularly for women, children and young people. An outline is provided on its Equally Safe strategy as well as using multi-agency risk assessment conferences (MARACs) as a model of multi-agency risk assessment work in practice. Questions for response include: who are the key partners that should be involved in multi-agency working to support victims of domestic abuse?; what guidance is required to support and embed effective multi-agency working for victims of abuse? The consultation closes at midnight 2 March 2019.

Source: Scottish Government  Date: 30 November 2018

Further information: Improving multi-agency risk assessment and interventions for victims of domestic abuse: a Scottish Government consultation (PDF) 

Read more on NSPCC Learning: Protecting children from domestic abuse

 

Domestic abuse consultation: Scotland

The Scottish Government has opened a consultation seeking feedback on how policy to protect those at risk of domestic abuse might be developed. Proposals include a new protective order banning perpetrators from their homes to keep people at risk safe. The consultation calls for feedback on whether the police and courts should be able to bar perpetrators of domestic abuse from approaching or contacting any children living with the person at risk. The consultation closes on 29 March 2019.

Source: Scottish Government  Date: 21 December 2018

Further information: Scottish Government consultation on protective orders for people at risk of domestic abuse (PDF)

Read more on NSPCC Learning: Protecting children from domestic abuse

CHILD WITNESSES

Child witnesses

The Scottish government has passed the Vulnerable Witnesses (Criminal Evidence) (Scotland) Bill which aims to improve the experience of child witnesses. The Bill ensures more children are able to pre-record evidence in advance of jury trials.

Source: The Scottish Government  Date: 09 May 2019

Read more on NSPCC Learning: Child protection system in Scotland

Joint Investigative Interviewing Project

Joint Investigative Interviewing Project

Police Scotland and Social Work Scotland are continuing to work in partnership with the Scottish Government to take forward recommendations of the Evidence and Procedure Review to improve the quality and consistency of Joint Investigative Interviews (JIIs) of children. 

Further Information: Joint Investigative Interview  Project Bulletin 4.docx

Children (Equal Protection from Assault)(Scotland) Bill

Children (Equal Protection from Assault)(Scotland) Bill

The Scottish Parliament has introduced the Children (Equal Protection from Assault) (Scotland) Bill, to abolish the defence of reasonable chastisement. The Bill will be considered by Parliament to agree to the general principles before moving to the next stage.

Source: Scottish Parliament Date: 07 September 2018

Further information: Children (Equal Protection from Assault)(Scotland) Bill (PDF)

Children and the law

Children and the law

The NSPCC has published information about children and the law. This provides an overview of key legislation and guidance for each of the four nations and covers: definitions of a child; children’s rights and views (including Gillick competency and Fraser guidelines); leaving school and home; child employment; ages of consent; and the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR).

Source: NSPCC Learning: children and the law  Date: 27 September 2018 

‘Time To Listen’− A Joined Up Response To Child Sexual Exploitation And Missing Children

‘Time To Listen’− A Joined Up Response To Child Sexual Exploitation And Missing Children

Government Report on CSE and Missing Children

Further Information

Progress On Preventing Violence Against Women And Girls

Progress On Preventing Violence Against Women And Girls

The Scottish Government has published the first annual progress report for Equally Safe, its strategy to prevent and eradicate violence against women and girls. Actions taken so far include: expansion of the Rape crisis sexual violence prevention programme in schools and ongoing work with universities and colleges to ensure the provision of a safe environment for students and staff.

Source: Scottish Government  Date: 23 November 2018

Further Information: Equally Safe: year one update report (PDF) 

Children and young people's mental health: Scotland

Children and young people's mental health: Scotland

The Scottish Government and COSLA have established a task force to improve mental health services for young people in Scotland. A delivery plan sets out how the task force will go about this over its lifespan of two years. Guiding principles include: the approach should have a strong focus on prevention and early intervention; support for children and young people should be appropriate, prompt and proportionate; young people and their families should be centrally involved; the digital context in which children and young people live will be a key consideration. 

Source: Scottish Government  Date: 19 December 2018

Further information: Children and young people's mental health task force: delivery plan (PDF)

Better mental health in Scotland (PDF)

Online abuse and the experience of disabled people

The House of Commons Petitions Committee has published a report, following an inquiry and consultation, looking at the level of abuse that disabled people, including disabled children, receive online. Recommendations include: the government and social media companies must directly consult with disabled people on digital strategy and hate crime law; the government needs to challenge stereotypes and prejudices about disabled people, particularly among children and young people; the law on hate crime must give disabled people the same protections as those who suffer hate crime due to race or religion.

Source: UK Parliament  Date: 22 January 2019

Further information: Online abuse and the experience of disabled people (PDF)

Read more on NSPCC Learning: Safeguarding d/Deaf and disabled children

United Nations Extreme - Poverty and Human Rights

United Nations Extreme -  Poverty and Human Rights

The Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) has published a report by United Nations (UN) Special Rapporteur on extreme poverty and human rights, Professor Philip Alston, following a visit to nine cities in England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales. Key findings of the report include: many of the recent changes to social support in the UK have had a disparate impact on children. Key recommendations include: Brexit negotiations present an opportunity to examine current social policy and identify what measures can be taken to protect the most vulnerable, particularly children.

Source: OHCHR  Date: 16 November 2018

Further information: Statement on visit to the United Kingdom, by Professor Philip Alston, United Nations Special Rapporteur on extreme poverty and human rights (PDF)

Source: OHCHR  Date: 16 November 2018

Poverty in Scotland

Poverty in Scotland

The Joseph Rowntree Foundation has published a report setting out figures on poverty in Scotland, focusing on child poverty, disability and gender. Figures show that in the three years from 2014/15 to 2016/17, 230,000 children in Scotland were in relative poverty on average each year.

Joseph Rowntree Foundation Date: 02 October 2018

Protecting Children From Criminal Exploitation, Human Trafficking And Modern Slavery:

Protecting Children From Criminal Exploitation, Human Trafficking And Modern Slavery:

This report is about the findings from three joint targeted area inspections, carried out in the spring of 2018 that examined ‘the multi-agency response to child exploitation and children missing from home, care or education’. It is an addendum to the 2016 report: ‘‘Time to listen’ – a joined up response to child sexual exploitation and missing children’.

Information

Institutional Child Sexual Abuse

Institutional Child Sexual Abuse

The Centre of expertise on child sexual abuse has published a report looking at messages from research on institutional child sexual abuse. The report looks at the extent, dynamics and impact of institutional abuse and discusses ways of preventing institutional abuse.

Source:  Date: 24 September 2018

Further information: Key messages from research on institutional child sexual abuse (PDF)

Child Sexual Abuse: Residential Schools

Child Sexual Abuse: Residential Schools

The Independent Inquiry into Child Sexual Abuse (IICSA) has published a literature review of research into child sexual abuse (CSA) in residential and non-residential schools. The literature review covers research from five key areas: pupils attending residential schools; standards for keeping children safe from sexual abuse in schools in England and Wales; the scale and nature of CSA in schools; factors that influence CSA in schools; examples of unsuccessful safeguarding measures and positive approaches adopted by schools.

Source: IICSA  Date: 22 November 2018

Further information: Child sexual abuse in residential schools: a literature review (PDF)

Read more on NSPCC Learning: Protecting children from sexual abuse

Sexual Abuse in Scottish Football

Sexual Abuse in Scottish Football

The Scottish Football Association has published the interim report of the independent review of sexual abuse in Scottish football.

 

The Scottish Football Association Date: 26 July 2018

 

Further information:The interim report of the independent review of sexual abuse in Scottish football (PDF)

How safe are our children? 2018

How safe are our children? 2018

The NSPCC has published How safe are our children? 2018 which compiles and analyses the most robust and up-to-date child protection data that exists across the four nations in the UK.

Source: NSPCC: How safe are our children? The most comprehensive overview of child protection in the UK

Further information: How safe are our children? The most comprehensive overview of child protection in the UK 2018 (PDF)

No One Noticed No One Heard

No One Noticed No One Heard

A study of disclosures of childhood abuse

This report describes the childhood experiences of abuse of young men and women and how they disclosed this abuse and sought help.

Researchers interviewed 60 young adults (aged 18-24 years) who had experienced high levels of different types of abuse and violence during childhood. The young adults were asked whether they had tried to tell anyone about what was happening to them, and what had happened as a result of their disclosures. Although much research suggests that few children disclose sexual abuse, in this study over 80% had tried to tell someone about the abuse.

Authors: Debbie Allnock and Pam Miller
Published: 2013

C & YP who Display Harmful Sexual Behaviour

C & YP who Display Harmful Sexual Behaviour

The Centre of expertise on child sexual abuse (CSA) has published key messages from research on children and young people who display harmful sexual behaviour (HSB).The research looks at: what is known about children and young people who display HSB.

Source: CSA Date: 24 July 2018

Further information: Key messages from research on children and young people who display harmful sexual behaviour (PDF)

NSPCC: Harmful sexual behaviour framework

Peer on Peer Sexual Abuse

Peer on Peer Sexual Abuse

Healthy and unhealthy relationships

ChildLine has released figures which show that it held 3,878 counselling sessions about peer on peer sexual abuse in 2017/18 - a 29% rise since 2016/17.

Source: NSPCC: 29% rise in counselling sessions on peer sexual abuse Date: 18 September 2018 

Read more on NSPCC Learning: Making sense of relationships: teaching resources

NSPCC – Child Trafficking.

NSPCC – Child Trafficking.

The NSPCC have just produced a new leaflet aimed at young people who may be trafficked - It is available to download in a number of languages. I will be putting this link on Website but thought it might be useful for you to have it/be aware of it meantime

https://learning.nspcc.org.uk/research-resources/leaflets/trafficking-leaflets-children/

Child Trafficking in the UK

Child Trafficking in the UK

Every child protected against trafficking has published a snapshot report providing an overview of the state of modern slavery affecting children in the UK. The report includes latest statistics and recent policy developments and makes 10 recommendations to the UK Government

Source: ECPAT Date: 22 June 2018

Further information

Cross-Border Child Protection

Cross-Border Child Protection

Children and Families Across Borders (CFAB) have published a report looking at cross-border child protection. Findings from a case audit of 200 cases referred to CFAB in 2015 and 2016 involving 333 children include: 1 in 4 children in need of protection in the UK who travelled abroad continued to be at risk of abuse and/or neglect.

Source: CFAB Date: 13 September 2018

Further information: Cross-border child safeguarding: challenges, effective social work practice and outcomes for children (PDF)

NHS Scotland – Adverse Childhood Experiences

NHS Scotland – Adverse Childhood Experiences

NHS Scotland has produced a video highlighting the possible lifelong and pervasive impact of Adverse Childhood Experiences It is intended to stimulate discussion about what action can be taken to both prevent and respond to early adversity.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VMpIi-4CZK0

Therapeutic Interventions after Abuse

Therapeutic Interventions after Abuse

NICE has published a quick guide for practitioners and managers to help and support abused and neglected children, young people and their families.

Source: NICE Date: 23 July 2018

Further information: Therapeutic interventions after abuse and neglect (PDF)

NSPCC: Letting the Future In

ACEs Leading to Victimisation & Criminality in Adulthood

ACEs Leading to Victimisation & Criminality in Adulthood

The Scottish government has published a review setting out a summary of the evidence on the links between adverse childhood experiences (aces) and victimisation and criminality in adulthood.

Source: Scottish government date: 29 may 2018

Further information: what have aces got to do with justice?(pdf)

Physical Punishment of Children

Physical Punishment of Children

AFRUCA (Africans Unite Against Child Abuse) has published a report looking at attitudes towards the physical punishment of children among African communities in Greater Manchester.

Source: AFRUCA Date: 28 September 2018

Further information: Voices of the community: exploring attitudes towards physical chastisement among  African communities in Greater Manchester (PDF)

New Childline Website for Under 12s

New Childline Website for Under 12s

Childline has launched a website aimed at children under the age of 12. This provides age appropriate content on topics including: bullying, family, friends, feelings, school, abuse and staying safe.

Source: Childline website for under 12s  Date: 27 September 2018

Indecent Images Of Children Support Pack

Indecent Images Of Children Support Pack

The Home Office has updated the supporter pack which accompanies its Steering clear campaign. This aims to educate and empower young men aged 18-24 to navigate the internet more responsibly by increasing understanding of: how to report sexual images of children; the law relating to indecent images of children (IIOC); the harm caused to victims of IIOC. The campaign was developed in partnership with the NSPCC, Marie Collins Foundation and the Internet Watch Foundation.

Source: DfE  Date: 6 December 2018

Further information: Indecent images of children: supporter pack (PDF)

Read more on NSPCC Learning: Protecting children from sexual abuse

Coercive control: Impacts on children and young people in the family environment

It is recognised that coercive control is a key feature of abusive relationships. It is therefore essential that the conceptualisation of coercive control and the impact it has on the whole family is recognised and understood.

This review, written by SafeLives – a national charity dedicated to ending domestic abuse for good – is concerned in particular with coercive and controlling behaviour within the context of public and private law proceedings. It includes three main sections:

Protecting children from abuse by someone in a position of trust or authority

The NSPCC has published information about protecting children from abuse by someone in a position of trust or authority. This includes teachers, care workers, youth justice workers, social workers and doctors. Topics covered include: recognising abuse; responding to concerns; and steps that can be taken to prevent staff and volunteers from abusing their position. The NSPCC is campaigning to close a loophole in legislation to make it illegal for all adults to engage in sexual activity with a 16-and 17-year-old in their care. Currently roles such as sports coaches, driving instructors and youth workers are not classed as being positions of trust.

Source: NSPCC Learning: Protecting children from abuse by someone in a position of trust or authority  Date: 22 January 2019

Read more on NSPCC Learning: Protecting 16-and 17-year-olds from sexual abuse

 

The impact of Brexit on children and families crossing borders

Children and Families Across Borders (CFAB) has published a factsheet looking at the impact of the UK leaving the EU on children and families who are crossing, or separated by, international borders. Aimed at social workers within local authorities and professionals working to safeguard children, the factsheet explores: the rights of EU children in care in the UK, the Government’s settlement scheme; and future international cooperation in relation to family law cases.

Source:  CFAB  Date: 15 January 2019

Further information: The impact of Brexit on children and families crossing borders (PDF)